Know the 4 Types of Lipase Enzymes - Digestive Enzymes Tips

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Know the type Lipase Enzyme
Know the 4 Types of Lipase Enzymes - Digestive Enzymes Tips - Enzymes are biological catalysts that lower the activation energy required for the processing reaction.

Enzymes are required by almost all the biological processes occurring in the organism.

In addition, the enzyme is highly specific substrate in which each enzyme will only catalyze specific reactions.

Therefore, the presence of certain enzymes in specific cells that could be used to identify the types of reactions that occur.

Lipase is an enzyme that dissolves in water and in digestive function and substrate transport water-insoluble lipids (fats).

Various types of lipase is defined based on the location and their role in an organism.

Here are some kind of lipase that you need to know:

1. Pancreatic lipase (pancreatic lipase)

In humans, penkreas lipase secreted by the pancreas along with bile salts and stored in the gallbladder, which will be released when chyme (partially digested food) enters the small intestine.

Function of bile salts emulsify fats into smaller molecules, thus increasing the surface area and increase the effectiveness of lipase in catalyzing the digestion of fat.

2. Intracellular lipase (Lipase intracellular)

Lipase also serve the function of the intracellular lysosomes, organelles that help eliminate waste products from cells.

There is no clear consensus regarding the specific role of lipase in the lysosomes break apart from lipoproteins in the cell.

However, researchers from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine showed that lipase can also function in the regulation of intracellular lipid storage.

3. Lipase in Bacteria

Many species of fungi and bacteria that secrete lipase to aid the absorption of nutrients from the environment.

This is evidenced in the production of cheese and yogurt bacteria as a means of utilizing lipase breaks down fat milk.

In addition to its use in the dairy industry, potentially improving the effectiveness of lipase production of alternative fuels.

Various studies are currently testing the production of biofuels from plant oils using lipase from bacteria to facilitate the breakdown of oil.

4. phospholipase

Wide variety of insects and snakes use a particular type called lipase phospholipase to increase the toxicity of stings or bites.

Presence in the venom phospholipase (can) will increase inflammation (inflammation) from the sting or bite through the digestive cell phospholipid bilayer.