Facts & Information about Digestive Enzymes - Tips Metabolism

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Facts & Information about Digestive Enzymes - Tips Metabolism:
Facts & Information about Digestive Enzymes - Tips Metabolism  - The body absorb nutrients from food after digestion enzymes break macromolecules. Breakdown of food begins in the mouth and ends in the small intestine.

Understanding the digestive enzymes will provide information about the importance of nutrition and how the body works to absorb food nutrients such as fat, carbohydrates, and protein.

Here are some important digestive enzymes in the human body:


Lipase is an enzyme responsible for the breakdown of lipids. Lipids are fats and oils contained in the food.

Lipid molecules composed of glycerol and three fatty acid chains. Three fatty acid chains are used to produce energy in cells.

Lipases break down the meat and oil in the diet of a triglyceride molecule, which is then absorbed by the intestine.


Enzyme responsible for the breakdown of protein molecules. Protein is a twisted ribbon structure of complex amino acid chains.

Each amino acid has a different role in the human body, so that absorption and its use is also different depending on their chemical structure.

Two main types of protease secreted by the pancreas are trypsin (trypsin) and chymotrypsin.


Amylase is an enzyme that breaks charge carbohydrate molecules. Carbohydrates are complex molecules that are difficult to split.

Therefore, in addition to secreted by the pancreas, amylase is also present in saliva (spit).

Amylase breaks the bonds of sugars into maltose, which is double the glucose molecule. This molecule is then absorbed in the small intestine into the blood and distributed.


Have a stomach acid that initiates the breakdown of food. In the stomach also contained pepsin enzyme which metabolizes protein function.

Sphincter hull bottom will distribute food slowly into the small intestine, so the food has time to digest before the waste products excreted through the colon.


Bile is not an enzyme, but it is an important component in the breakdown of fats. Bile produced by the liver and is sent to the gallbladder to be stored.

Gallbladder stores and releases bile when fatty foods are consumed. Bile to emulsify fat and will surround her.

Emulsification of fat will allow the lipase break it down into smaller components.