Functions and Side Effects of Estrogen Hormone for Female Body

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Functions and Side Effects of Estrogen Hormone for Female Body
Functions and Side Effects of Estrogen Hormone for Female Body - Estrogen is a hormone that plays a key role in the development of the female reproductive organs and systems.

Estrogen is also responsible for the symptoms suffered during menopause. Overall, estrogen is an important component of every woman's life.

type Estrogen

Estrogens are a group of steroid hormones are derived from cholesterol. There are three types of estrogen is estradiol, estrone, and estriol.

Interestingly, testosterone or male reproductive hormones are intermediates in the synthesis of estrogen. Both also have a structure that is quite similar.

Being the difference between the two is methyl testosterone have an extra chain.

Steroid hormones such as estrogen can freely diffuse through the plasma membrane.

Reproductive development

Estrogen is responsible for the development of the female reproductive especially during puberty.

Estrogen is responsible for accelerating the growth of a woman's body, and then play developing uterine, ovarian and other reproductive system so that the body is ready to support a pregnancy.

Estrogen also helps the development role and breast enlargement, increased deposition of fat in the subcutaneous layer, helping the development of the pelvis, the growth of underarm and pubic hair, as well as a variety of other metabolic functions.

Menstrual Cycle

Between puberty and menopause, a woman's body will undergo menstrual cycle.

Changes in estrogen levels (up and down) play a key role in this cycle.

At the beginning of the cycle, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates the follicles in the ovaries to start producing estrogen, which ends inhibits the release of FSH and LH from the pituitary gland.

At the critical concentration, then estrogen stimulates the release of FSH and LH reserves, so that both hormones are suddenly increased to stimulate ovulation or the release of an egg from the follicle.

At the end of the cycle, while FSH and LH levels fall, estrogen levels also decline and trigger menstruation if the egg has not been fertilized.

Side Effects of Estrogen

Although estrogen positive benefits for women, certain forms of breast cancer using estrogen as a growth hormone.

Treatment of this type of cancer is focused on slowing the production of estrogen.

Hormone Replacement Therapy

During menopause, a woman's body stops producing progesterone and produce less estrogen, which causes the cessation of the menstrual cycle.

Cessation of production of hormones also cause other symptoms such as osteoporosis, night sweats, hot flashes, itching, and dryness of the genitals, causing pain during intercourse.

Hormone replacement therapy was originally a popular solution for women suffering from symptoms caused by an imbalance of estrogen.

But a study in 2002 showed that hormone replacement therapy may increase the risk of heart problems and breast cancer.