Know the 10 Signs & Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2: Health Tip

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Signs & Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2
Diabetes affects approximately 24 million people in the U.S., but only 18 million know they have it.

Approximately 90% of diabetics suffer from type-2 diabetes.

Diabetes is often called the silent killer because it has vague symptoms. The best way to make sure everything is to do a blood sugar test.

But if you have the following symptoms, immediately consult a health care facility or health care provider:

1. Frequent urination and excessive thirst

Frequent waking night to urinate can be a symptom of diabetes. In this condition, the kidneys work very actively to get rid of the excess glucose in the blood.

Being excessive thirst is the body's response to replenish fluids lost due to frequent urination. Both of these symptoms go hand in hand as the body's mechanism for lowering blood sugar levels.

2. Weight loss

High blood sugar levels can cause rapid weight loss, say 5-10 pounds for two or three months (but this is not a healthy weight loss).

Because insulin is not able to send glucose into the cells for use as energy, the body begins to break down protein from the muscles as an alternative energy source.

The kidneys also go the extra mile to remove excess sugar, and cause loss of calories that can harm the kidneys.

3. hunger

Excessive hunger is another sign of diabetes. This occurs due to high sugar levels but can not get into cells to be used in the metabolic processes.

When blood sugar can not enter the cells, the body thinks not getting food intake so send hunger signals to get more glucose so that the cells can function.

4. skin problems

Itchy skin, and dry, can be a sign of diabetes. Another example is acanthosis nigricans is darkening of the skin around the neck or armpit.

People who have this condition have undergone a process of insulin resistance although their blood sugar may not be high.

5. Slow wound healing

Infections, wounds, and bruises that do not heal are a classic sign of diabetes. This happens because the veins and arteries damaged by the amount of excess glucose.

This condition makes it difficult blood reach areas of the body to facilitate the wound healing process.

6. fungal infections

Diabetes lowers the immune system in general. The body becomes susceptible to various infections, including the most common infections such as yeast (candida).

Fungi and bacteria are able to multiply rapidly in the sugar-rich environment. Women, especially, need to guard against candida infections like v'ginal discharge.

7. Fatigue and irritability

People who have high blood sugar levels, will generally feel unwell. Often wake up at night to urinate, will make the body is not fresh the next day. This condition makes people become tired and irritable.

8. blurred vision

Blurred vision or seeing the light flashes intermittently as a direct result of high blood sugar levels. High glucose is able to change the shape of the lens and the eye.

The good news is reversible symptoms (get back to normal) when blood sugar levels back to normal or close. However, uncontrolled sugar levels will cause permanent damage, even blindness.

9. Tingling or numbness

Tingling and numbness in the hands and feet, along with a burning pain or swelling are signs that nerves are damaged by diabetes. If left unchecked, this condition can lead to neuropathy (nerve damage) permanent.

10. Blood test results

Several test methods can be used to check for diabetes, but the results of a single test is never enough to diagnose diabetes (test must be repeated).

One such test is the fasting plasma glucose test. Tests done to check your blood sugar after an overnight (or eight hours) do not eat.

Blood glucose above 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) on two different tests would mean diabetes.

Normal blood glucose is 99 mg / dL. Blood sugar level of 100 to 125 mg / dL would be considered pre diabetes.