Types, Functions, and Sources of Vitamin B - Healthy Living Tips

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Types, Functions, and Sources of Vitamin B - Healthy Living Tips
Vitamin B is composed of eight types of substances that are soluble in water and plays an important role in cell metabolism.

At first, vitamin B vitamin considered as a single without sharing kind as we know it today.

Supplements containing all eight B vitamins known as vitamin B complex supplement.

Eight types of vitamin B are as follows:

• Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)

• Vitamin B3 (niacin, includes nicotinic acid and nicotinamide)

• Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)

• Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine)

• Vitamin B7 (biotin), also known as vitamin H

• Vitamin B9 (folic acid), also known as vitamin M

• Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins types)

Main Functions Vitamin B

• Vitamin B1 (thiamine) - helps the body convert carbohydrates into energy and helps in the metabolism of protein and fat.

• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) - needed to facilitate a variety of chemical reactions in the energy cycle.

• Vitamin B3 (niacin, includes nicotinic acid and nicotinamide) - helps metabolize carbohydrates.

• Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) - facilitate a number of metabolic reactions that are important for body growth.

• Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine) - is a coenzyme for several enzymes involved in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

• Vitamin B7 (biotin), also known as vitamin H - plays a role in the metabolism of fat formation and utilization of carbon dioxide.

• Vitamin B9 (folic acid), or vitamin M - required for the synthesis of nucleic acids and the formation of red blood cells.

• Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins) - a complex crystalline compound which is essential for all cells, especially cells in the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, and bone marrow.

Food Sources of Vitamin B

• Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) - Thiamine is found in whole grain cereals, bread, red meat, egg yolks, green leafy vegetables, beans, sweet corn, brown rice, fruit, and yeast.

• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) - Riboflavin is found in whole grain products, milk, meat, eggs, cheese and peas.

• Vitamin B3 (niacin, includes nicotinic acid and nicotinamide) - Niacin is found in protein-rich foods such as meat, fish, milk, eggs, beans, potatoes and peanuts.

• Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) - Pantothenic acid is found in meat, nuts and whole grain cereals.

• Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine) - Some foods that contain vitamin B6 are liver, meat, brown rice, fish, butter, wheat germ, whole grain cereals, and soybeans.

• Vitamin B7 (biotin), also known as vitamin H - Foods containing vitamin B7 include liver, egg yolk, green vegetables, and whole grains.

• Vitamin B9 (folic acid), or vitamin M - Folic acid is found in many foods, including yeast, liver, green vegetables, and whole grain cereals.

• Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins) - Vitamin B12 can be found in liver, meat, egg yolk, poultry and milk.