[TIPS] Recognize Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Gallstones

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[TIPS] Recognize Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Gallstones
Gallstones can be small or large and remain in the liver without causing disease or symptoms.

But some gallstones can irritate the gallbladder or lodged in the liver, fibrosis, biliary, or pancreatic duct.

Gallstones symptoms similar to other conditions, such as heart attack and appendicitis.

Proper diagnosis and medical treatment is required when symptoms appear.

Causes of Gallstones

Gallstone formation can occur when bile contains more cholesterol, bilirubin, or the lack of bile salts.

When the gall bladder can not empty properly, the risk of gallstone formation can be increased.

Women have a higher risk of developing gallstones because excessive estrogen levels will lead to higher levels of cholesterol in the bile.

Family history, obesity, and certain medical conditions can be associated with gallstones. Diet high in fat and low-fiber diets also contribute to the occurrence of gallstones factor.

Symptoms of Gallstones

Pain in the abdomen, under the ribs radiating to the back, shoulder blades, or under the right shoulder to the typical symptoms of gallstones.

A person with gallstones may experience severe pain within a few hours after eating foods with high fat content.

Some other common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal bloating, intestinal gas, digestive disorders, and jaundice (yellow skin).

Additionally flu-like symptoms, such as chills, sweating, and fever may also occur which accompanied by abdominal pain.

Putty-colored stools may be one indication of gallstones.


Because gallstone symptoms similar to other serious conditions that cause abdominal pain, proper diagnosis is needed to perform the proper treatment.

Ultrasound or other imaging procedures can help doctors to check gallbladder function and bile duct blockage is there, infection, or rupture.

Blood tests may be needed to look at the possibility of infection, jaundice (jaundice), or pancreatitis.

Handling and Treatment

Gallstones often cause symptoms that require surgical removal of the gallbladder.

Non-surgical treatment is also available as an option for individuals who do not meet the criteria for major elective surgery because of certain health conditions.

Oral therapy (oral dissolution therapy) is used to dissolve gallstones are small.

Some other treatments may be needed at the same time when doing this type of treatment.

Contact dissolution therapy is an experimental procedure that is done by injecting the drug directly into the gallbladder. This procedure continues to be tested in patients with gallstones are small.


Gallstones can be prevented by avoiding strict diet because it can cause the appearance of gallstones due to increased release of cholesterol from the liver into the bile.

Limit foods high in fat and increase fiber intake and physical activity to reduce the risk of gallstones.

Consult with your doctor about oral contraceptive use, hormone replacement therapy, and cholesterol-lowering drugs because drugs are shown to increase the release of cholesterol into bile.