Laboratory Tests and Patient Handling diabetic coma: Health Tips

By on 4:47 PM
Laboratory Tests and Patient Handling diabetic coma
Someone who has the risk of diabetic coma (diabetic coma) need to get a proper diagnosis.

Healthcare team will perform a physical examination on the patient and the diabetic coma can ask relatives of patients to provide information about the patient's medical history.

Laboratory tests

Diabetic coma patients need to undergo various laboratory tests to measure:

■ The level of blood sugar

■ The level of ketones

■ The amount of nitrogen or serum creatinine

■ The amount of potassium, phosphate, and sodium in the blood

Diabetic Coma Handling

Handling and emergency care for diabetic coma depends on the patient's blood sugar levels, whether too high or too low.

High blood sugar

If the sugar content is too high, the patient may need to receive treatment as follows:

■ Intravenous fluids (IV) fluids to return to the body tissues

■ Potassium, sodium supplements, or phosphate to help cells function normally

■ Insulin to help the cells in glucose uptake

■ Treatment of any infection that may occur

Low blood sugar

If the sugar level is too low, the patient may be given a treatment:

■ glucagon injection, which will make blood sugar levels rise quickly

Diabetic coma patient usually returns realized when the blood sugar back to normal levels.