Knowing Normal Prostate Anatomy and Physiology! Health Tips

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Normal Prostate Anatomy and Physiology
The more information about the development and normal function of the prostate that you know, then you can better understand how prostate cancer can develop and impact on the body.

In this article will be presented information about the anatomy and physiology of the normal prostate.

Normal Anatomy of the Prostate

The prostate is a small gland about the size of walnuts, or about 20 mm. The prostate is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum.

The urethra, which is a narrow channel along the penis that carries urine and semen (semen) out of the body, connected directly through the prostate. Rectum, behind the prostate and bladder.

Seminal vesicles (seminal vesicles), two small glands that secrete about 60% of substances that make up semen, located just above the prostate.

Physiology of Normal Prostate

The prostate gland is not really necessary for survival, but it is important for reproduction. Prostate supplying substances that facilitate fertility, transit, and sperm survival.

Enzymes such as PSA is used to help the sperm reach the egg during s*xual intercourse. Sperm is not made ​​in the prostate, but in the testes.

Other substances made ​​by the seminal vesicles and prostate - such as zinc, citrate, and fructose - energizes the sperm to travel.

Antibodies protect the urethra of bacteria and other pathogens.

Prostate usually grows during adolescence under the control of testosterone and DHT (dihydrotestosterone).

Prostate zones

The prostate is divided into several anatomical areas or zones. The majority of prostate cancers develop from peripheral zone (edge region) near the rectum.

Therefore the digital rectal examination (Digital Rectum Exam / DRE) is a useful screening test.

BPH, a non-cancerous conditions of the prostate, usually develops from the transition zone that surrounds the urethra, or urinary tract.

This explains why a person who experienced BPH symptoms usually earn more than those who had prostate cancer.