7 Tips to Know Ovarian Cysts Types: Health Tips

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Ovarian Cysts Types
Here are the types of ovarian cysts that are often experienced by women who are still active in reproduction, namely:

1. Follicular cysts

Follicular cyst is a type of simple cyst formed when ovulation does not occur or when a mature follicle rupture by itself.

Follicular cyst usually forms during ovulation and can grow up to a diameter of 5-6 cm.

Rupture of follicular cysts can cause sharp pain that is quite severe in parts overgrown ovarian cysts.

This sharp pain, which is also called mittelschmerz, appeared in the middle of the menstrual cycle, during ovulation. A quarter of the number of women who have ever felt the pain of follicular cysts.

Usually there are no symptoms together with the emergence of follicular cysts. These cysts and will disappear by itself within a few months.

2. Corpus luteum cysts

This type of functional ovarian cyst occurs after an egg is released from the follicle. After the release of the egg, the follicle will become the corpus luteum.

If pregnancy does not occur, the corpus luteum will be damaged and lost. But perhaps the corpus luteum filled by fluid or blood and remained in the ovary.

In the corpus luteum cysts are usually no symptoms and only occurs on one side of the ovary alone.

3. Haemorrhagic cysts (Hemorrhagic Cyst)

Hemorrhagic cyst is a type of functional ovarian cyst occurs when there is bleeding in the cyst appears. Symptoms that may arise is the presence of abdominal pain on one side of the body.

4. Dermoid cysts

Dermoid cyst is a type of benign tumor sometimes referred to as mature cystic teratoma (mature cystic teratoma).

Dermoid cyst is an abnormal cyst that usually affects younger women and may grow up to 15 cm diameter.

Dermatoid cyst can contain other body tissues such as fat, sometimes bones, hair, and cartilage.

Ultrasound examination of the cyst type can vary because it depends on the spectral contents.

However, a CT scan and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) can indicate the presence of fat and dense calcifications (dense calcifications).

Dermoid cyst can cause inflammation. Dermoid cyst can also rotate (change position), a condition called ovarian torsion (ovarian torsion), so that could endanger the blood supply to the ovaries and cause severe abdominal pain.

5. Endometrioma or endometrioid cyst

Endometrioma or endometrioid cysts are part of the condition known as endometriosis.

Endometrioid cyst is formed when endometrial tissue appears on the ovaries.

Endometrioid cysts affect women during their reproductive years and may cause chronic pelvic pain associated with menstruation.

Endometriasis is a condition where there are glands and endometrial tissue outside the uterus.

Women who have endometriosis may have problems with fertility.

Endometrioid cysts often contain dark or brownish red blood. The size of the diameter varies between 2-20 cm.

6. Polycystic ovary-Appearing

-Appearing polycystic ovary is diagnosed based on the size. These cysts can double the size of normal size, characterized by the presence of small cysts around the outside of the ovary.

This condition can be found in healthy women and in women with endocrine hormone disorders. Ultrasound examination is used to detect this type of cyst.

Polycystic ovary-Appearing different from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a symptom and physiological abnormalities that arise due to ovarian cysts.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome involves metabolic and cardiovascular risks linked to insulin resistance. Including improved glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is associated with infertility, abnormal bleeding, increased incidence of miscarriage, and complications in pregnancy.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is very common and is estimated to be experienced by 4-7% of the number of women in active reproductive age.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is also associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer. Ultrasound examination than is necessary also to diagnose the presence of polycystic ovarian syndrome.

7. cystadenoma

Cystadenoma is a benign type of tumor that develops from ovarian tissue. Cystadenoma is a type of liquid can contain mucus or mucus.

Cystadenoma can grow to be very large, its size can reach 60 cm in diameter.